The Bulgarian National Minority in Ukraine in Bulgaria-Ukraine Relations: The Impact on Ukraine’s Image in Bulgaria

  • Post Category:Issue XX

Anna Tertychna
Counsellor, Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Bulgaria

DOI https://doi.org/10.37837/2707-7683-2019-32

Abstract. The article deals with the issues of observance of the rights of the Bulgarian national minority in Ukraine as an element of forming a positive image of Ukraine in Bulgaria. The issue of the rights and freedoms of ethnic Bulgarians in Bessarabia first arose in the bilateral relations between the Ukrainian people’s Republic and the Kingdom of Bulgaria after the establishment of diplomatic relations in accordance with the Ukraine-Bulgaria Supplementary Treaty of 12 February 1918. The informational explanation of the UNR’s open policy on national minorities immediately became an integral part of the activities of the first Ukrainian diplomatic mission in Sofia.
Ethnic Bulgarians won the right to revive the study of their native language, history, and identity only after the restoration of Ukraine’s independence in 1991. In particular, the non-governmental sector has played a significant role in shaping Bulgaria’s state policy towards foreign Bulgarians. The article analyses the existing Ukraine-Bulgaria agreements that regulate relations between Ukraine and Bulgaria in the issue of the rights of Bulgarian and Ukrainian citizens of Ukrainian origin, as well as the legislative framework of Bulgaria in the field of state policy towards foreign Bulgarians. Despite the sensitivity of the Bulgarian society to the topic of foreign Bulgarians in Ukraine, which was and still is their largest and oldest historical Diaspora, the guarantee of the rights of ethnic, linguistic, cultural and religious identity of persons of Bulgarian nationality and Ukrainian nationality is enshrined in the Ukrainian-Bulgarian international treaties.
The article highlights the impact of the issue of the Bulgarian national minority on the political dialogue between Ukraine and Bulgaria. Special attention is paid to the issues of ensuring the language rights of Ukrainian ethnic Bulgarians in the context of recent changes in Ukrainian legislation.
Keywords: Ukraine, Bulgaria, Ukraine-Bulgaria relations, rights of the national Bulgarian minority, positive image of Ukraine.

Download Article (ukr)

References
1. Ukrainsko-bolharskyi dodatkovyi dohovir. TsDAVO Ukrainy, F. 2592, Op. 1, Spr. 71, Ark. 7. [in Ukrainian]
2. Dokument no. 043. Intervju na p’lnomoshtnija minist’r prof. D-r Ivan D. Shishmanov za Ukrajna, otpechatano v’v v. ‘Kambana’, br. 3139, ot 1918. Khakova, E., Moskalenko, V. (2016). Prof. Mihajlo Ivanovich Parashchuk: ukrainski skulptor i viden obshtestven deec ( 1878–1963). Sbornik dokumenti, snimki i publikacii Paradigma Sofia, p. 65. [in Bulgarian]
3. Ukrainsko-b’lgarski pregled (15 November 1919), no. 3, pp. 26-27. [in Bulgarian]
4. Otnoshenijata na nacionalnite malcinstva v Ukrajna k’m Ukrainskata d’rzhava (1919). Ukrainsko-b’lgarski pregled, no. 2, p. 20. [in Bulgarian]
5. Hryshchenko, Yu. (2018). Bolhary v Ukraini 1920-kh – 1930-kh rr.: mizh natsionalnymy proektamy vlady y realiiamy zhyttia. Kyiv, p. 246. [in Ukrainian]
6. Palamarchuk, O. Chmyr, O. (2017). B’lgarski ezik v Ukrajna: istorija i s’vremenost. Spisanie ‘Evropa 2001’, no. 3-4, p. 40-41. [in Bulgarian]
7. Bilga, M. (2019). ‘Politika na B’lgarija sprjamo b’lgarite v Ukraїna prez HHІ vek’, in Ukraina i Bolhariia v istorii Yevropy. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats. Kyiv–Sofiia, p. 451. [in Bulgarian]
8. Protokol pro vstanovlennia dyplomatychnykh vidnosyn mizh Ukrainoiu ta Respublikoiu Bolhariia [online]. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/100_006 [in Ukrainian]
9. Dohovir pro druzhni vidnosyny i spivrobitnytstvo mizh Ukrainoiu i Respublikoiu Bolhariieiu [online]. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/100_003 [in Ukrainian]
10. Uhoda mizh Uriadom Ukrainy ta Uriadom Respubliky Bolhariia pro spivrobitnytstvo v haluziakh osvity, nauky i kultury [online]. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/100_001 [in Ukrainian]
11. Uhoda mizh Ministerstvom osvity Ukrainy y Ministerstvom nauky i osvity Respubliky Bolhariia [online]. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/100_032 [in Ukrainian]
12. Protokol mizh Ministerstvom kultury i mystetstv Ukrainy ta Ministerstvom kultury Respubliky Bolhariia pro spivrobitnytstvo [online]. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/100_044 [in Ukrainian]
13. Deklaratsiia pro podalshyi rozvytok ta pohlyblennia spivrobitnytstva mizh Ukrainoiu ta Respublikoiu Bolhariia [online]. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/100_065 [in Ukrainian]
14. Protokol mizh Ministerstvom osvity i nauky Ukrainy ta Ministerstvom osvity i nauky Respubliky Bolhariia pro Bolhradsku himnaziiu imeni H. S. Rakovskoho (Odeska oblast, Ukraina) [online]. Available at: https://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/100_033 [in Ukrainian]
15. Natsyonalna stratehyia za b’lharskyte hrazhdany y ystorycheskyte b’lharsky obshchnosty po sveta [online]. Available at: http://www.strategy.bg/StrategicDocuments/View.aspx?Id=938 [in Bulgarian]
16. B’lhary po sveta [online]. Available at: http://www.aba.government.bg/?country=73
17. Rehyst’r na orhanyzatsyyte na b’lhary po smys’la na ZBZhYRB [online]. Available at: http://www.aba.government.bg/index.php?show=registur [in Bulgarian]
18. Bilga, M. (2019). ‘Politika na B’lgarija sprjamo b’lgarite v Ukraїna prez XXI vek’, in Ukraina i Bolhariia v istoriiYevropy. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats. Kyiv–Sofiia, p. 464. [in Bulgarian]
19. S’vet za rabota s b’lgarite v chuzhbina [online]. Available at: https://www.president.bg/cat213/Savet-za-rabota-s-balgarite-v-chuzhbina/?fbclid=IwAR0059b3xV4ZcK3QrQdk7H9eUfq5cyuBkwvw1ZwAQWdnvgzBFqevfKrCtQw [in Bulgarian]
20. Fondacija B’lgarska pamet [online]. Available at: http://bgmf.eu/%d0%b5%d0%ba%d0%b8%d0%bf [in Bulgarian]